Under GAAP, liabilities are classified as current when they are payable within one year or within the normal operating cycle of the business when that is longer. Current liabilities normally include:
For all things accounting and bookkeeping.
As defined by the CICA, a financial instrument is any contract that gives rise to a financial asset of one party and a financial liability or equity instrument of another party. They include cash, trade accounts receivable and accounts payable, loans and notes receivable and payable, investments in equities and debt instruments as well as derivative contracts such as forward contracts, swaps and options. Construction contracts create financial instruments, including holdbacks receivable and payable.
Contractors, who are GST/HST registrants, collect GST/HST on behalf of the applicable government entity. A contractor, carrying on business in Canada, must register for GST/HST and obtain a “business number” if its revenues exceed $30,000 in a single calendar quarter or in four consecutive calendar quarters.